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Articles in Use of Force

International Review of the Red Cross: Call for papers on protracted armed conflict

04/07/2017 – 10:10 pm |

Protracted armed conflicts are characterized by their longevity, intractability and mutability. This is not a new phenomenon, but some particular trends seen in today’s protracted conflicts, such as emerging technologies, pervasive media coverage, and so on, are specific to our times.
This issue of the Review will discuss strategies being put in place to respond to humanitarian needs arising in protracted armed conflict, such as multi-year …

The use of armed force in Syria: getting from bad to worse?

15/04/2017 – 8:19 pm | 4 Comments

Background
* A lot of the background information used below is taken from the BBC Syria timeline profile. The post has been amended to portray better the cause for the beginning of the conflict in Syria.
A lot has been written about the armed conflict in Syria in international law blogs including Ejil:Talk, Opinio Juris and Just Security, especially after the US attack deploying 59 Tomahawk cruise …

New Publication: Jan Arno Hessbruegge, Human Rights and Personal Self-Defense in International Law, Oxford University Press (2017)

21/02/2017 – 10:57 am | Comments Off on New Publication: Jan Arno Hessbruegge, Human Rights and Personal Self-Defense in International Law, Oxford University Press (2017)

About the author
Dr. Jan Arno Hessbruegge works for the New York Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. He is also a visiting professor for international law at the U.N.-mandated University for Peace in Costa Rica. In the course of his career, he has worked as a legal advisor in the Executive Office of the High Commissioner, with the U.N. Commissions of …

Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Ukraine v. Russian Federation)

05/02/2017 – 4:28 pm | Comments Off on Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Ukraine v. Russian Federation)

* This post is based mainly on ICJ Press Releases No. 2017/2 (17 January 2017) and No. 2017/4 (1 February 2017).
In the late afternoon of 16 January 2017, Ukraine instituted proceedings against the Russian Federation with regard to alleged violations of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism of 9 December 1999 and the International Convention on the Elimination of All …

Edited volume: ‘An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect’, Cambridge University Press, 2016 (paperback)

20/08/2016 – 2:47 pm | Comments Off on Edited volume: ‘An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect’, Cambridge University Press, 2016 (paperback)

My edited book entitled ‘An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect’ has recently been published as paperback by Cambridge University Press (35 GBP).
Through its 22 chapters, covering

the responsibilities of the State;
the main political organs of the UN;
important regional and security organizations;
international judicial institutions and the regional human rights protection systems;

the book examines the roles and responsibilities of the international community regarding the responsibility to …

Journal on the Use of Force and International Law – Volume 1. Number 2

09/02/2015 – 5:14 pm | Comments Off on Journal on the Use of Force and International Law – Volume 1. Number 2

* With thanks to Jo Ledger of Hart Publishing for bringing this to our attention.
Journal on the Use of Force and International Law
(including the Digest of State Practice on the Use of Force)
 Volume 1. Number 2. 2014
 The 2nd issue of the 2014 volume of Journal on the Use of Force and International Law is now published. Please see below for the table of contents and …

Putin orders withrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine border

15/10/2014 – 8:43 pm | Comments Off on Putin orders withrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine border

President Vladimir Putin issued an order on Monday for Russian troops to be withdrawn from the Ukraine border. The removal of nearly 17,000 Russian troops as a sign for easing tension was decided in preparation for an important meeting between President Putin and hisUkrainian counterpart, Petro Poroshenko, in Milan next week.
The crisis in Ukraine has continued to escalate in the past months, with senior UN …

Call for Papers: ESIL Research Forum 2015

14/10/2014 – 5:39 pm | Comments Off on Call for Papers: ESIL Research Forum 2015

The European Society of International Law has issued a Call for Papers for its 2015 Research Forum to take place in Florence, Italy.
This conference is mainly centered towards early stage academics, namely advanced Phd students as well as post-doc researchers.
From the relevant press release:
European Society of International Law Research Forum
Academy of European Law, European University Institute, Florence
14 – 15 May 2015
Call for Papers
The 2015 ESIL …

UN rights expert urges Mexico to investigate extrajudicial killings

01/10/2014 – 11:28 pm | Comments Off on UN rights expert urges Mexico to investigate extrajudicial killings

Source: Jurist
The UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions Christof Heyns urged Mexico to conduct full and impartial investigations into the killings on June 30 in the village of Cuadrilla Nueva, Tlataya, State of Mexico, during a military operation against alleged criminals. Heyns stressed that “intentional lethal use of firearms may only be made when strictly necessary to prevent a detained person escaping …

Journal on the Use of Force and International Law: New Issue

25/09/2014 – 11:35 am | Comments Off on Journal on the Use of Force and International Law: New Issue

Hart Publishing is delighted to announce that the first issue, published in August, of the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law is now available online. Please see below for the table of contents and abstracts.
 Journal on the Use of Force and International Law
(including the Digest of State Practice on the Use of Force)
 Editors-in-Chief
Dr James A. Green (University of Reading)
Dr Christian Henderson (University …

UN rights chief calls for end to ‘impunity’ after Israel attack on UN school

03/08/2014 – 11:17 am | Comments Off on UN rights chief calls for end to ‘impunity’ after Israel attack on UN school

Source: JURSIT 
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay [official profile] on Thursday urged the international community to end what she called a “climate of impunity” [press release] around the Israel-Palestine conflict. In light of the bombardment of a UN school [Reuters report] in Gaza on Wednesday, Pillay called for “real accountability considering the increasing evidence of war crimes and an ever-growing number of civilian …

UN concludes first multilateral meeting on lethal autonomous weapons systems

22/05/2014 – 9:46 am | Comments Off on UN concludes first multilateral meeting on lethal autonomous weapons systems

Source: JURIST
The first multilateral meeting on lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) concluded on Friday at the UN headquarters in Geneva. The main objectives of the meeting, attended and sponsored by signatories of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), were to discuss key issues surrounding the use of LAWS, such as how the development of LAWS could impact humans, and whether robotics should be used …

ILA Spring Conference: Foundations & Futures of International Law

15/05/2014 – 5:32 pm | Comments Off on ILA Spring Conference: Foundations & Futures of International Law

The British Branch of the International Law Association (ILA) will hold its Spring Conference on the 23rd and 24th of May 2014.
The conference, entitled “Foundations & Futures of International Law”, aims to assess the ever expanding importance and influence of international law in a variety of situations, from national courts and theoretical approaches to issues of national security and the use of armed …

Call for Papers: “The Changing Nature of Peacekeeping: Challenges for Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello and Human Rights”

23/04/2014 – 7:16 pm | One Comment

Call for Papers:

“The Changing Nature of Peacekeeping: Challenges for Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello and Human Rights”
A Joint ESIL IGPS/SHARES Project Symposium 

The European Society of International Law Interest Group on Peace and Security (ESIL IGPS) and the Research Project on Shared Responsibility in International Law (SHARES Project) organize a joint symposium to be held in conjunction with the 10th ESIL Anniversary Conference in Vienna, …

Building the Ethical Cyber Commander and the Law of Armed Conflict

15/04/2014 – 3:00 pm | Comments Off on Building the Ethical Cyber Commander and the Law of Armed Conflict

The Possibility of Cyber War
Some believe that war in its common understanding will never occur as a result of military operations in cyberspace; others argue that at the very least, instances of cyber conflict have certainly not been in the nature of the “electronic Pearl Harbor” that has been prophesied for the last 20 years.  Instead, if Stuxnet is an example of a cyber tool …

New book: Proportionality in International Law

25/03/2014 – 8:18 am | Comments Off on New book: Proportionality in International Law

Proportionality in International Law (OUP)
Michael Newton and Larry May
Details can be found here. The book is also available in Ebook format.
The first comprehensive treatment of proportionality to combine abstract philosophical and legal analysis with highly emotive contemporary combat cases
Discusses how proportionality applies to the history of the Just War tradition, and emerging human rights issues
Offers a unique interdisciplinary approach to solving the difficult problem of …

Guest Post: Crimea Secession Claims, Right to Self-Determination and the Kosovo Precedent

20/03/2014 – 10:09 am | One Comment

Gaiane Nuridzhanian is an LL.M. candidate at the University of Cambridge specializing in public international law. She has worked at the Registry of the European Court of Human Rights and was subsequently engaged in representing the applicants in cases against Ukraine before the ECtHR. She is also a student editor here at the International Law Observer.

The crisis in Ukraine started in November 2013 with the protests against …

Guest Post: Looking at Maidan through the Nicaragua Standard: Did the EU and the US violate the Non-Intervention Principle?

18/03/2014 – 12:50 pm | Comments Off on Guest Post: Looking at Maidan through the Nicaragua Standard: Did the EU and the US violate the Non-Intervention Principle?

Ralph R.A. Janik, researcher at the University of Vienna, Faculty of Law, Section for International Law and International Relations.

Ever since Russian troops took control of Crimea, the law-related Blogosphere has – understandably – gone wild. After all, this is the time to shine for every international lawyer as the current events in the Crimea include a vast amount of legal aspects that warrant close scrutiny. …